Online Poker Players- Top 10 List

Isaac westmenloAA Baron

Isaac Baron is widely recognized as one of the best tournament and cash game players in online poker.  In 2007, Isaac was named the CardPlayer Online Player of The Year.  In his poker career, daftar judi online Isaac Baron has pocketed more than $3,000,000 in prize money, captured 13 titles, and become one of the most well-known online poker players.  The most prestigious of Isaac’s victories came in the PokerStars Sunday Million, Full Tilt $750,000 Guarantee, and PokerStars $200 Rebuy events.  Although Baron has begun to focus his attentions more on cash games and live tournament action, he is still a threat to take down any tournament he enters.  A recent European Poker Tour Final Table appearance netted Isaac Baron nearly $1,000,000, and solidifies his place as one of the best online or live tournament poker players.

Alex AJKHoosier1 Kamberis

With over $3,300,000 in career poker winnings, AJKHoosier1 is undeniably on the shortlist of best online poker players.  Alex started playing poker in 2006 and after a solid start to his career in 2007, he exploded onto the poker scene in 2008 with just under 2.8 million dollars in tournament winnings.

In 2008, AJKHoosier1 was the CardPlayer Online Player of the Year, and has already accrued 122 cashes and 9 titles in his short career.  As with many of the dominant online poker player, Alex has started branching out in live poker tournaments, and will certainly be a tough out in any live or online poker tournament he enters.

Shaundeeb

Shaun Deeb is the current leader in the CardPlayer Online Player of the Year race, and has been one of the top online poker players for the past few years.  Deeb recently took down the $75,000 Guarantee and has 2nd place finishes in the PokerStars Super Tuesday and Full Tilt Poker Sunday Brawl.  In his poker career, Shaun Deeb has already accumulated more than 2,000,000 in tournament winnings, 20 poker titles, and an amazing 120 cashes.  Deeb is not only extremely talented, but is known as a poker grinder, reportedly playing 30 tournaments a day on average.

Annette_15

Annette Obrestad has already etched her name into poker history with  a victory at 2007 World Series of Poker Europe Main Event.  The fact that Annette_15 is still not old enough to enter live poker tournaments in the United States, makes her $3,400,000 in career poker tournament winnings even more impressive.  Annette Obrestad has also famously won a 180 person sit n go while only peaking at her cards once.  Among the other legendary tales of Annette_15, is that she has turned money won from freerolls into millions of dollars without ever making a deposit with an online poker site.  Annette_15 has not repeated her earlier tournament dominance in the past two year, but the legend will undoubtedly continue to grow.

Kevin BeL0WaB0Ve Saul

Kevin BeL0WaB0Ve Saul is known as one of the most dominant forces in early online poker tournaments.  Kevin Saul parlayed his early online success into a $1,3000,000 payout at the 2007 Bellagio Cup and a WPT title.  BeL0WaB0Ve and a small group of tournament players began playing hyper-aggressively and dominating the online poker tournament circuit a couple years ago.  The rest of the online tournament fields were forced to change their style of play, and the end-result is that tournament players utilize more 3 and 4bet bluffs and have loosened up their raising and calling ranges significantly.  BeL0WaB0Ve helped to move tournament poker to the next level, and usually busts early or contends for the title.  Kevin Saul’s dominance at online poker may be disappearing, but figures to be a force on the live tournament poker scene.

Jon PearlJammer Turner

After a humble beginning to his career in 2005 and 2006, Jon PearlJammer Turner has turned into one of the best live and online tournament poker players.  PearlJammer has over $2,000,000 in career poker winnings, and is currently ranked highly in both the live and online Player of The Year Leaderboards.  Jon impressed the folks at Full Tilt Poker enough to receive a sponsorship deal and is listed in red on the website as Full Tilt Professional.  In addition to his 9 career victories, PearlJammer has 138 cashes, including two final tables at 2009 World Series of Poker.  Jon is a well-rounded player and excels in mixed games as well as No-Limit Hold’em.  PearlJammer could be a dual threat for years to come with the chance at winning the Player of the Year and Online Player of the Year awards.  In 2008, PearlJammer and fellow online studs Eric Rizen Lynch and Jon Apestyles Van Fleet released Winning Poker Tournaments One Hand at a Time, Volume I, a book on online tournament strategy.

Steve Gboro780 Gross

Gboro780 is currently the 2nd ranked player in the 2009 CardPlayer Online Player of the Year Race.  Gboro780 has quickly ascended to the top of online poker world and has nearly $2,000,000 in career poker tournament winnings to his name.  The bulk of Steve Gross’s money has been won in 2008 and 2009, with nearly 1 million dollars earned each year.  There have been a lot of player in the past five years that have been shooting stars and then moved onto great fame and fortune in live tournaments or fizzled out completely, but Gboro780 has consistently been one of the best online poker players the past couple years.  Gboro780 has 16 wins to his name and an astounding 124 career cashes to date.  The sky is the limit for this player, and there might just be an online player of the year award in his future.

Adam Roothlus Levy

Roothlus gained poker popularity at the 2008 World Series of Poker with his deep finish in the Main Event and his interactions with the Poker Brat Phil Hellmuth.   Adam has nearly $2,000,000 in poker winnings including 112 cashes and 4 titles to date.  Roothlus has pulled of some of the most impressive feats in online poker tournament history with 2 final tables in a 5 week period of time and the PokerStars Sunday Millions.  The size of the Sunday Millions regularly breaks 5,000 entrants and the only tournament comparable in size is the WSOP Main Event, and Roothlus has routinely cashed and final tabled some of the biggest tournaments.

JohnnyBax

Cliff JohnnyBax Joseph

One of the best known online poker players ever is JohnnyBax.  Early in JohnnyBax’s career, he was considered one of if not the best poker players in online poker tournaments.  Josephy started his online career in 2004 and has routinely been ranked atop the online player of the year rankings.  Although his attentions have turned to his own poker training site, PokerXFactor, JohnnyBax’s 2005 World Series of Poker bracelet, $2,700,000 in career winnings, and legendary status as one online pokers original stars will continue to have him rank as one of the legends of the online game.

Darrell Gigabet Dicken

Gigabet is arguably the best known online poker player ever.  Gigabet began his online career dominating the online tournament fields, before turning his attentions to live poker tournaments.  Deep runs in World Series of Poker and World Poker Tour Events in the past couple years confirmed that his abilities are easily adaptable to live poker as well.  Gigabet has won 4 titles, including a WSOP Circuit Event victory and WPT Championship.  Between 2005 and 2007, Gigabet dominated the online poker scene, but the past couple years has significantly cut back on his tournament participation and is no longer a threat to win Online Player of the Year awards.  Gigabet is still a legend in the online poker community, but should be a live threat in any tournament he participates in.

 

The Truth About Poker Deposit Promotions

Originally, poker bonus codes where created for offline marketing purposes. Poker Deposit Pulsa They could be used as incentives in newspaper adds, flyers, business cards, etc. Today’s market is much different. Poker players want the best deposit bonus offers, but many of them are still missing the point.

Do you want to know how poker deposit bonuses really work? It’s really simple, and most online poker rooms use the following system: In order to get a bonus, you deposit a minimum amount, and you must accumulate so many player points within a certain time frame. The way to accumulate points is to pay the room rake, which represents a portion of every pot you play in. It’s the cost to play poker, and how poker rooms generate income. So the first question you must ask yourself is how are those points awarded?

What happens with this bonus code craze is that poker players search for the best offers. The devil is in the details, however. Unfortunately, many new online poker players don’t pay attention to the details and often end up with no bonus at all.

Pretend you have poker room A and poker room B that both offer 100% deposit bonus up to $500 and both rooms give you 60 days from your initial deposit to accumulate so many point. In the case of room A, you need 1000 points, but for room B, you only need 500 points. Who has the best deal in this case? Room B right? Well… maybe, maybe not. What is the value of one point? If by playing the same limits, I accumulate points 3 times as fast in poker room A than in poker room B, it will take me less time to get 1000 points with them than it would to get 500 points with room B. So really, room A would be the best option.

One last thing you need to consider before choosing your bonus code is how the bonus is released. If you have a time limit to reach so many points and only managed to get half the points, do you get half the bonus? Some poker rooms will release partial bonuses, or release them in increments. If you need 500 points, they may give you half the bonus automatically when you reach 250 points for example. Other rooms require that you complete the full conditions in the set time, otherwise you get nothing. Frequently, poker players see a banner that offers a 100% bonus, click it, make a deposit, and end up with nothing because they fail to meet the requirements within the established time frame.

Remember, there’s always a great poker deposit offers out there. You just need to seek it out and select a bonus offer that has requirements that are achievable for your limits and playing habits. If you only play occasionally in low stakes game, perhaps a smaller bonus, like a free $50, is better for you than going for the full $500.

Are you looking for a poker deposit bonus? Choose from multiple PKR bonus code [http://pkr-poker-codes.com]. The conditions for getting bonuses each PKR Poker bonus are clearly explained.

 

Movie Reviews – The Taking of Pelham 123

Movie Reviews this week looks at the suspense thriller The Taking of Pelham 123. 123movies It stars Denzel Washington (Training day) as Walter Garber, as he puts it a “lowly public sector employee” looking after the trains that run through the intersections at New York, except this day he didn’t know what he was getting himself into when he puts his socks on this morning.

It also stars John Travolta (Pulp fiction) as Ryder , straight out of prison and looking to for some kind of revenge on the City of New York. He and his accomplices Phil Ramos played by Luis Guzman (Traffic) and Bashkim played by Victor Gojcaj manage to hijack Pelham 123, so called because it arrives at Pelham at precisely 1:23 p.m. As Walter’s job this day is operating the trains (it turns out he has been demoted penning an investigation if he took a bribe) so it is left to Walter to bargain with Ryder for the lives of the several passengers on board, while Ryder asks the City of New York via it’s mayor placed pretty well by James Gandolfini (The Sopranos), it turns out Ryder wants $10 million dollars and one cent after making Walter calculate what the current rate is for the “commodities” on the train, Ryder says he wants $10 million dollars, Walter sarcastically asks him about the one cent, and he says Walter can keep it as a broker’s fee.

In comes a special Hostage Negotiator Camonetti played by John Turturro (You don’t mess with the Zohan), there is a particular well made scene, where Walter is told he has done a good job, while Camonetti takes over negotiating with Ryder, that leads to some disastrous consequences.

Walter is chased and brought back to negotiating per Ryder’s request and as the two get to know a little about each other, Ryder asks why he is doing control work for the trains, Walter explains he has been demoted pending an investigation, what follows is a brilliantly shot scene, where Walter is made to confess in front of the Mayor, his boss, and all his colleagues that he did take the bribe, how he did it and what he used the money for, or else hostages would be killed, at first the audience is not sure if the confession was on the spur of the moment to save lives, but from Walter’s expression it seems genuine.

 

The Greatest Baby Gifts Money Can Not Buy

Baby showers are a great way to show your support for new mothers and their new born. giftal login
The main focus, of course, is to get the best baby gifts or gifts you can think of and hope that the mum goes yes and not Oh Wow and the best gifts are those which have the most sentimental value, not the ones which hold the most economical value.

Of course, there are many ways in which a gift can be considered to have sentimental value. It could be something you and the mother shared in your younger years, a toy perhaps; it could also be something which represents a happy memory of the mothers, or it could be something you made yourself.

A great idea is to pull out your old photo album or your old folder with all your photos saved on it as the trend has become and pick out all the best moments. Keep in mind these photos are little rectangular memories, so handle them with care and never use the original in any craftwork.

You may wish to use these old photos to print on some new born merchandise with a loving or memorable message, or make a card to add a little extra sentimentality. These photos, however, can also be used as clues as to what to purchase. You may notice something which the mother would be sure to remember from your childhood and you can base your gift around that central idea.

There are, however, times when you may not have known the mother your whole life, or you may not know her at all. The best option in this case, is to put together your own little team of gifts, each one handpicked by you, a custom baby gift box if you will. This is a great option as you can choose a whole heap of really useful objects, your pacifiers, your milk bottles, your new arrival clothing and put them all in one big gift box or hamper.

Then there are times when you do not know the mother, do not care for the mother and are really just there for the food. Now would be a great time to go and just spend a bunch of money on the most expensive baby pacifier 5000 you can find, you know, the one that teaches the child a new language while they suck on the bottle.

 

The Greatest Baby Gifts Money Can Not Buy

Baby showers are a great way to show your support for new mothers and their new born. giftal login
The main focus, of course, is to get the best baby gifts or gifts you can think of and hope that the mum goes yes and not Oh Wow and the best gifts are those which have the most sentimental value, not the ones which hold the most economical value.

Of course, there are many ways in which a gift can be considered to have sentimental value. It could be something you and the mother shared in your younger years, a toy perhaps; it could also be something which represents a happy memory of the mothers, or it could be something you made yourself.

A great idea is to pull out your old photo album or your old folder with all your photos saved on it as the trend has become and pick out all the best moments. Keep in mind these photos are little rectangular memories, so handle them with care and never use the original in any craftwork.

You may wish to use these old photos to print on some new born merchandise with a loving or memorable message, or make a card to add a little extra sentimentality. These photos, however, can also be used as clues as to what to purchase. You may notice something which the mother would be sure to remember from your childhood and you can base your gift around that central idea.

There are, however, times when you may not have known the mother your whole life, or you may not know her at all. The best option in this case, is to put together your own little team of gifts, each one handpicked by you, a custom baby gift box if you will. This is a great option as you can choose a whole heap of really useful objects, your pacifiers, your milk bottles, your new arrival clothing and put them all in one big gift box or hamper.

Then there are times when you do not know the mother, do not care for the mother and are really just there for the food. Now would be a great time to go and just spend a bunch of money on the most expensive baby pacifier 5000 you can find, you know, the one that teaches the child a new language while they suck on the bottle.

 

Six Tips to Recession Proof Your Business

Depending on how old you are, this could be your first real economic slowdown. giftal login But whether it’s your first or third, this is the worst we have seen in 70 years. Sure, we will get through it and will come out stronger. But does that mean that it will not happen again. Not at all. This time we brought it on ourselves and we may have learned our lesson. But it’s a global economy the next recession may be triggered by something that happens far away in India or China.

The smart business owner will be looking at ways to recession proof his business. It’s not easy but if you follow these 6 tips, you can make your business recession proof as possible.

1. The most important thing you can do is to protect your cash flow. When things get hard, your customers may delay payments or renegotiate payment terms. You can’t say no, but your cash flow will be hit. And while cash is reduced, business needs to carry on and you can’t run your business without money. Recession means banks will not raise your credit limits.

There are many things you can do to protect your cash flow but the most effective way is to control your outflow. How much can you outsource? Outsourcing is not a cure for all ills, but it will reduce your expenses and rather than having a regular outflow of money, you will need to make one consolidated payment per month for each outsourced operation. That makes money management much easier. There are lots of other things you can do to control your expenses. You will find hundreds of books, magazine and internet articles devoted to this. Go through them and find what will work for you.

2. Can you control your inventories better? That does not mean letting your quality or of deliveries suffer. But can you find a cheaper supplier (maybe nearby with lower shipping costs). Are any items over stocked? Are there drop shipping alternatives you can look at?

3. Continue to market your business. A recession is when customers get restless and look for cheaper sources. It’s easy to cut back on marketing expenses in a recession but low levels of marketing activity and restless customers is a recipe for disaster.

4. Your customers, even if they stay with you, will be ordering lower volumes. To protect your business you need more orders and the only way you can do that in a recession is by taking your competition’s customers. Research what they do and find ways to beat them at their own game. There will be no new markets opening up during a recession.

5. Your credit rating is not limited to your business. Your personal credit rating also plays a part. Make sure that you protect both. It’s easy to let your personal finances suffer while focusing on keeping your business afloat. But a business owner with a bad credit rating will always be a lending risk, even if the business finances are in good shape.

6. Focus on your core competencies. Outsourcing will allow you to focus on what is important. Stick to that and don’t try anything new in the way of products or services just to make your company look more attractive. Focus on what brings in the money today.

 

Tee Shirts Are Hot Items for Post-Holiday Shopping

The holidays are over, but the post-holiday sales are spurring plenty of shopping activity. Trump 2020 T Shirt No matter what the occasion is, there is one failsafe, practical, sure to please gift – a tee shirt.

We all wear tee shirts. At some point in the week, we find ourselves in a tee shirt. For some, it’s at the gym or while exercising, or out to dinner, donning a nicely fitted tee shirt under a sport coat. Others find themselves in a really comfortable tee shirt, just lounging around on the weekend, sporting something that’s casual, easy, and clean. And for another crowd, a tee shirt is the best nightgown or pajamas money can buy.

Some tee shirts become mementos. They remind us of a certain trip or vacation, tease us that we were once young and in college in the class of 19XX, or make us feel good about participating in a walk a thon or corporate charity event.

But for the majority of tee shirt wearing folks today, it’s become the uniform of style. A solid color tee shirt goes well under just about anything. In an increasingly growing sector of the tee shirt market, custom designed tee shirts are becoming a fashion and personal statement.

Tee shirts are now available with raunchy or very controversial messages, sure to create a look of amazement and a few raised eyebrows from HR when you show up wearing an offensive tee shirt to a company party or a neighbor’s get together. Search cool t-shirts, filthy tee shorts, or music tee shirts for some examples. These can be fun and worth a good laugh or spark a heated discussion, but may not be suitable for all audiences.

Another emerging custom tee shirt category offers original works of art interpretations of the famous people, or Icons, of our times. Many companies offer them, and you can find your choice from searching on Google, Yahoo, MSN, AOL, or any search engine you choose. One such company is Icon Tees, who says, “Icon is about You, It’s about me, It’s about all of us…..There are no restrictions, just representations. Say what you want without speaking. Your body is your billboard.” Icon Tees offers 100% original, one of a kind designed tee shirts featuring icons of past and present. Their tee shirts include figures whose prominence ranges from the art world to the underworld and from biblical times to present day. They can be worn to the club, around campus, or just about anywhere.

No matter what the occasion, a tee shirt is a great gift. Here are the top 10 reasons why:

1. Tee shirts come in all shapes and sizes, so you can find one to fit any size, shape, style of person.

2. They are practical. We wear them and will get use out of them, whether in and around town or to bed – they get worn.

3. You can dress them up or down. With jeans or under a sport coat, tee shirts are always in style.

4. They can make a statement. Like Icon Tees says, “Say what you want without speaking.”

5. You can avoid insulting someone with a tee shirt gift. A diet book as a gift may earn you a slap or pair of jeans that are two sizes two small can really ruin a romantic evening.

6. Tee shirts are easy to order and wrap. Click away, then tuck in a box, throw into a bag, or just cover with some paper. This is a wrap job any shopper can do.

7. You can start your own trend with a tee shirt. Who knows? It may become so popular that even Donald Trump may come out with his own tee shirt line.

8. Online Etailers offer original designs with images, phrases, statements, artwork, or even icons like Arnold Schwarzenegger, Bruce Lee, Notorious BIG, Frank Sinatra, Madonna, Marilyn Monroe, Kurt Cobain, Jesus Christ, Run DMC, John Gotti, and Mohammed Ali that will suit any age or taste.

9. They are really affordable and a great value for the money. And if it’s a good tee shirt, it will earn the wearer a compliment – and that will put you in their good graces for another year.

10. Tee shirts are just cool….

So if you are out there looking for a great post holiday, birthday, or just because gift (or if you need a little something to go with that new pair of jeans), go online and click away. Tee Shirts are always a great gift, no matter what the shopping occasion.

 

Find a Good Online Casino For Yourself

Online casino appears to be the most alluring and enticing option in the modern day gambling scene. Agen QQ Online When you look for the ideal way to play some of the favorite casino games, the online betting sites comes up as the most favorite option for playing with convenience and ease.

Today, online casino gambling offers you a number of popular games that you would like to play and at the same time earn a lot of money. However, it often becomes difficult to involve with the best sites to enjoy online gambling.

If you browse through the internet, you will come across a lot of online casino sites offering a range of gaming options for their players. It is a fact that these days you will also find a number of rogue casino sites as well. Many a times, the number of rogue casinos surpass the total number of the good ones. This is where you have to ensure to select a right site to get started with your game.

With the presence of a large number of online casino sites, it often becomes difficult to select the right site. Here comes certain important points that you should consider before selecting any particular site:

Online Casino Authorization: Currently, most online casino sites include a Seal of Approval issued by the concerned authority. E-COGRA is one such legal entity that offers authorization to most internet casinos considering their individual functioning and other features given on offer for players. Additionally, online casinos operating in different countries require authorization of the government under its area of operation. For more assistance, you can check out different Internet forums and other recognizable portals on gambling to gather information about the credibility of the site.

Online Casino Games on offer: The next most important thing to consider while finding a good casino is to look for the different games on offer. Choose a site that offer your favorite online betting games. It may be slot machines, poker, roulette, baccarat or something else. With the availability of the number of games, it becomes easier for you to select one and start playing. The presence of a range of games do not make you feel bored at any time.

Online Bonuses and promotions: When you look for online casino gaming sites, one thing that you should look for is good sign up bonuses. The welcome or sign up bonuses form to be the best attraction of any online gambling site. It forms as a basic incentive from where players can make more money. With the sign up bonuses, you can look for the ones that might have seen difficult for you to earn at some point of time.

Special games and tournaments Online: This is another factor that players should consider when looking for good online casino to play. These days casino online betting brings you a number of opportunities to make use and to earn more. Try and find those online betting sites that offer free buy ins, special bonuses and great competitions together with the games.

Casino Payouts Online: When you select to play in an online casino site that pays you well, you should always look for something extra on offer. Bonuses are not all that are offered online, you will get good number of jackpots including massive payouts.

These are some of the important things that you require to check out before joining an online casino. To sum up, ensure to select a legitimate site and ensure a fair play in return.

 

The Real Secret To Freelance Success

I can tell you from experience that the first thing that goes through your mind as a new freelancer is “OK, freelance content writing jobs now how much am I going to make this month?” I can probably even safely say that this thought passes by nearly every freelancer just starting out.

Now, three years later, I can tell you that if you focus solely on the money part of running your own freelance business, you will fail. Focusing on money, only, takes the attention away from your clients who need the real attention from your freelance business.

I’ll tell you a quick story of how I obtained one of my best clients. I normally use the freelance work exchange, Elance, to seek out projects as a programmer. I encountered one for which I placed a bid and then noticed in the description of the project that he was from a town in California which I happened to have stayed at one day. I decided I would make a rather flattering comment about it in my bid.

This client of mine admitted to me that my bid was not the lowest, nor were my qualifications the best compared with other bids. He chose me, however, simply because he had the gut instinct that I was reliable and honest, but also I took that first step in “breaking the ice” with him. This was three years ago and still, to the day, he provides continuous business for which I am grateful.

Shortly after starting to work with this client, I realized that my approach to gaining projects and a resulting salary depended on creating relationships with my clients. This was especially important since I have not seen most of them face to face. It is easy to become anonymous drone to your clients and vice versa if the only interaction between you and them is strictly business talk.

Guess what? That was the magic formula for being a success in freelance. Ever since I have always built relationships with my steady clients and business couldn’t be better. All it takes, too, is just a few simple things. First, be genuine and honest with your client (should be a no-brainer). Second, get to know your clients by asking questions on where they live, what they do, etc. It doesn’t have to be too personal, but just get them to open up a bit.

Third, and most important, give them the best service you can and if they are not satisfied, make sure they are. Focusing on these three things will not only make your freelance business worthwhile, your income will dramatically rise without ever having to think about it.

One other side to developing business relationships with clients is that you, the freelancer, have a less likely chance of working for a undesirable client. When there is a trusting business relationship, then it is very difficult for either side to “screw over” the other. Also, if you happen to encounter a client who seems cold and not very open to the business relationship then this is a clear sign not to work with him or her. A difficult client is often the freelancer’s worst nightmare.

It is especially hard this day and age where the internet can bring anonymity between freeelancer and client, however, any attempts made to develop business relationships with your clients is the same as writing your own checks. So why not do it?

By Johnny Spence

 

The Game of Draw Poker – A Brief History

In many ways, the game epitomizes the raw bone tenacity of the American spirit that drove the western movement from the Mississippi River in the 1800’s. Life on the frontier was harsh, nagapoker hazardous and full of risks – the pioneers were literally gambling on their lives each day. To both survive in the untamed west and to win at draw poker a man had to be skillful at what he did and count on lady luck to smile on him. He had to closely watch his adversaries and at times bluff his way out of a situation. The results of his actions could prove very profitable or he could lose it all, sometimes even his life. Draw poker then was a natural choice for the men of the American west who were used to risking it all.

The game was the result of an evolutionary process that started when poker was first took shape in America early in the nineteenth-century. Just when and where it was first played is subject to a continuing debate among historians, as is the game’s origins. Several postulations attribute the game’s lineage to a French game called “poque” or possibly to a German game known as “pochspiel.” British historians state that the game was a direct descendent of the English card game of “brag.” Still other researchers claim that poker evolved from a sixteen-century Persian card game called “as nas” that was played with a twenty-five-card deck containing five suites and has rules similar to five-card stud poker. Since exact documentation of poker’s early history is impossible to determine its inception will probably remain a mystery.

Poker is thought to have started in America sometime in the early 1800’s, possibly in saloons of New Orleans. From there it spread up the Mississippi and Ohio rivers by way of the commercial steam boat traffic. Then as the wagon trains and railroads pushed the frontier west, poker continued to gain popularity with the early adventurers. An English actor, Joseph Crowell, recorded seeing poker being played on the riverboats in his diary of 1829 and later in his 1844 book, Thirty Years Passed Among the Players in England and America. A reformed gambler by the name of Jonathan H. Green wrote about early poker in his book, Exposure of the Arts and Miseries of Gambling that was published in 1843. Both men described an early version of poker that was played with a twenty-card deck (A-K-Q-J-10). Each of four players was dealt five cards and bets were placed on these five original cards without discards or draws. When the betting was over the owner of the best hand won the pot – in the order of one pair, two pair, triplets, full house (one pair and a triple), and four of a kind. Due to the limits of a twenty-card deck there was only a single round of betting before the winning hand was declared and this made bluffing a much more difficult maneuver.

As the game evolved it moved to a thirty-two card deck and then eventually to the standard “French deck” of fifty-two cards. Sometime in the mid-1830’s straights and flushes were introduced as winning hands. A few years later draw poker was born and started making the rounds of gambling halls in the west. The first mention of draw poker appeared in the American edition of Bohn’s New Handbook of Games in 1850. In that same year, wild cards were introduced to poker play.

With these enhancements draw poker and another version called stud poker became the card games of choice among the soldiers on both sides of the Civil War. Originally called, “stud horse” poker, the game was played around the campfires between battles and was a close rival to draw poker in popularity. Both versions are conducive to bluffing but in stud poker, you are not allowed to draw or discard cards. Rather, some of the cards are dealt face down and some face up to the player so that everyone at the table knows a few of the cards being held by each player. Betting occurs after each new face up card is dealt and after the last face down card is dealt. The first mention of stud poker appeared in the American Hoyle of 1864.

In draw poker all the cards are dealt face down to the players and after all of the cards have been dealt there is a round of betting. Then players may discard any number of cards and receive the same amount of cards from the dealer. When all the players have completed their hands there is another round of betting before the winner is declared. Later, in 1870, jackpot poker was introduced in an attempt to prevent players with poor hands from being drawn into a pot that was impossible to win. In this version, players were required to have jacks or better to open betting. If a player did not possess the minimum to play, they were required to fold and lose their ante.

The first recorded set of rules for playing draw poker came about when Robert C. Scheneck, a United States ambassador to Great Britain, introduced the game to the members of Queen Victoria’s court at a party in 1872. Fascinated with the new game the royalty asked Scheneck to jot down the rules of the game so they could play the game after he returned to America. He obliged and his handwritten rules of play were then printed by the queen’s staff for future parties. Later, without his permission or that of the queen’s court, his set of rules were published as a small booklet and sold to the masses. Entitled, A Flowery Path to Wealth: The Game of Draw Poker as Taught to the English Aristocracy, the pamphlet was a major hit with the British people who quite often referred to the game as “Scheneck’s poker”. Scheneck, who had served as general under President Lincoln, was embarrassed by the public release of his rules that he had been assured would be used privately by queen’s court.

John W. Keller, an American, included Scheneck’s rules for draw poker in his own book, The Game of Draw Poker, published in 1887. In addition, he used a portion of a letter written by Scheneck to a political friend, Thomas L. Young; to describe how the ambassador had unwittingly became party to the publication of the first set of rules for the game.

Keller’s book provided a more detailed account of the rules and variations to the game as well as a section on progressive poker, which he described as being “The latest development of draw poker… and doubtless owes its origin to the popularity of progressive euchre.” Contrary to Keller’s comments, progressive poker never caught the attention of American gamblers and its play quickly faded from the gaming scene.

Throughout the book, Keller refers to a noted mathematician, “Dr. Pole” who provided the probability and odds for draw poker hands. At the end of the book, he summarizes Pole’s calculations in a series of probability tables, which have stood the test of time. According to Dr. Poe’s figures, there is an astounding 2,598,960 possible hands in draw poker.

Since Keller’s book was published in 1887, there have been a large number of books printed on the subject of draw poker but few have been as clear and concise on the rules and the strategy of the game. His sage advice to “Study your adversaries carefully; watch the game closely; be patient in adversity and calm in prosperity,” seems right in keeping with the old gambler’s adage of knowing “when to hold ’em and when to fold ’em.”